Category: Nepal -

19 May 2015 | Posted By: iDE

iDE Nepal’s Agriculture Rehabilitation Project

Home_Nepal Seedlings 05 19

iDE has designed a program that both addresses the immediate needs of our partner communities, while also developing mechanisms to begin the medium and long-term recovery process. iDE has been working with these communities for 20+ years, and we intend to be here long after many of the bigger relief operations have left.

Since the initial earthquake on April 25th, iDE has been distributing urgent relief materials to communities in Lalitpur and Kavre districts in the Central region and facilitating local assessment work in Kaski in the Western region. Our priority has been and continues to be working to minimize the suffering and economic shocks in our partner communities. To date we have reached over 450 households, totaling more than 2,300 people. iDE has provided these communities with durable shelter materials and non-perishable foodstuffs.

On May 12th, iDE began our Agriculture Rehabilitation project. We are working now to provide an initial 2,000 households in Lalitpur and Kavre districts with access to seeds and seedlings in order to prevent significant disruption to the current planting season. As the rainy season approaches, it is imperative that seeds be planted immediately to prevent a poor harvest, food insecurity, and potential economic catastrophe.

iDE is providing material and technical assistance to farmers, enabling them to grow high-value vegetables to minimize disruption to their farms and livelihoods. We are identifying smallholder farmers in affected areas with the capacity to rapidly develop vegetable nurseries. By centralizing the production of seedlings within each community, we can provide farmers with an additional two to four weeks of time for planting.

The seedlings produced by these nurseries will be provided at low or no cost to farmers who have suffered property damage, thereby freeing up resources allowing them to begin the recovery process. iDE will also work to expand our network of community sales agents with strong technical knowledge of sustainable agriculture. After the first growing season, iDE will work with these local entrepreneurs to follow up with farmers and provide them access to supply chains for improved technologies such as drip irrigation and integrated pest management (IPM) to further grow their productivity and income.

Longer term, the focus on high-value vegetable production will ensure that the target smallholders earn higher returns on their crops, giving them greater economic and social mobility and food security. Nepal has long suffered from patterns of out-migration as able-bodied men have left in droves to seek work primarily in India and the Middle East. The development of sustainable economic systems focusing on agriculture will help prevent the acceleration of these trends as a result of the earthquake by providing strong, reliable income opportunities here at home. The establishment of nurseries at the local level will also provide a long-term business opportunity for a number of farmers and should help serve as a disaster resiliency strategy for the future.

The situation in Nepal is rapidly evolving. iDE is committed to providing urgent relief to our partner communities and helping ensure people are able to begin the work of rebuilding not just their homes, but resilient economic systems, allowing them to recover from this tragedy with dignity.

We’ve begun to assemble funds from private parties and foundations, but our program is designed to scale and can rapidly implement additional funding. For our Agricultural Rehabilitation project every $25,000 allows us to reach a new community.

To make a tax-deductible contribution to iDE’s urgent relief effort, click here.

30 April 2015 | Posted By: iDE

A Bad Luck/Good Luck Story


By Bob Nanes
Tanke Village, Nepal

Saturday, April 25th started in Tanke village in the hills of Central Nepal  just like any other day. The sounds of barnyard animals, people stirring, clearing their throats. The sunlight reflected off the irrigated rice paddies on the valley floor. Some people began to move out to some of the nearby fields to do some casual weeding and other field tasks. But Saturday was often a day with little activity.  For those families who were lucky enough to have a TV, they would often sit with several families inside and watch their favorite TV dramas or variety shows.

But on this Saturday, the electricity went off some time in the morning. Bad luck, there would be no family TV time today. So people went about other tasks. The women of the village headed off together to the nearby forest to gather fodder and firewood. The men gathered in the village center for a group meeting. And the children played with their friends around the houses and in the fields.

But just before noon, the largest earthquake in the last 80 years struck Nepal and shook the village violently. Most of the mud houses in the village collapsed completely. Bad luck. In the aftermath, as people rushed back to their houses and to find their family members, there was chaos and tragedy. A four year old child was dead, crushed inside a house. Some of the livestock was also dead, crushed by tumbling walls. But the bad luck electricity cut of earlier in the day turned out to be amazing good luck. What could have caused dozens, or even hundreds of deaths, caused only the one, as tragic as it is.

IDE Nepal has been working in Tanke village for several years. In collaboration with the community and local government, they supported the building of a solar powered multiple use water system that lifts water from the valley floor, and distributes it for household use and also feeds into drip irrigation systems to produce vegetables for sale. IDE staff had been in contact with the villagers after the quake and been informed about the scope of the tragedy. With the support of offices and private donors in the US, Canada and the UK, IDE had mobilized to deliver food and plastic shelter material to Tanke village.

When we entered the village, the destruction was unbelievable. What had been a lively collection of houses along a scenic ridge in central Nepal, was now a scene of utter devastation. Most of the houses had collapsed, and everyone was living in slapdash tents made of small pieces of plastic stuck together as well as possible. Nobody, even those whose houses had not collapsed, were sleeping inside because of the frequent aftershocks.

But surprisingly, the mood was not morose. People were going about their tasks as if this was just another day. We were greeted in the normal friendly manner of Nepali farm folk. People were happy to talk to us and tell us their stories. There was no trace of self-pity.  Perhaps their normally difficult life had prepared them for the current and future hardships. Would we be so adaptable in the same situation?  I think not.

So now the long slow process of bringing life back to normal begins. The villagers are not short on food, but were in desperate need of safe and dry shelter. The plastic tarps that we brought were the most important thing to them. But how will they move forward in re-building their lives? I imagine that living in tents will become the new norm for months, or possibly years to come.

Life is so precious. It is hard to believe sometimes that the difference between life and death can be determined by something as random as a power outage, or where you stand while viewing the Boston Marathon, or which flight you decide to take while flying from Spain to Germany. But that is the case, and sometimes no matter how we plan or watch or protect, life can stay or go through a simple twist of fate.


Help iDE Nepal reach more remote villages with food and shelter. Donate here.

Bob Nanes was formerly the head of the Technology and Innovation Group in the Denver Headquarters of iDE. He was in charge of supporting the iDE country programs in technology development, agriculture program development, global equipment supply, agriculture knowledge management and micro finance. In his 24 years with iDE he also worked as Country Director in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Ghana and as the Director of Training. He also started and ran an irrigation contracting business and a food processing business. He is currently a consultant to iDE. He has his degree in Agricultural Engineering from Cornell University.


28 April 2015 | Posted By: iDE

A Message From Day 4


Photo: Adam Salberg, iDE
Written by Bob Nanes

It is now more than 72 hours after the initial powerful earthquake. 72 hours is the number given by many relief agencies during which significant aftershocks are likely to occur. There was one small aftershock yesterday (Monday) at around 5pm, but nothing since then. People are starting to re-enter houses that are not damaged. Those with damaged or destroyed houses are in a different situation. We are lucky that it is not raining today so far, but it has been raining on and off for the last few days. People sleeping outside need tarps or tents in order to stay dry, and it is likely that many are still not having a good night’s sleep. As one person said to me yesterday, sleep deprivation is the most effective form of torture.

It is difficult for me to imagine what will happen to those whose houses are destroyed. For most people, building a house is the investment of a lifetime, often borrowing money to do so. Very few people have insurance, so what will they do now? Will the government help those people? Can anyone even afford to help those people? Nobody knows. People will have to rent in the mean time, but with many houses in the valley damaged or destroyed, it is likely that it will also be difficult to find reasonable accommodation.

It is estimated by the New York Times that the average person knows about 600 people. In a valley of about 2 million with perhaps 3-4,000 people dead, and many more injured, everyone knows someone who was killed, and certainly knows many who were injured. Everyone knows many people who have lost their homes. The initial period of just surviving is now over for most, and the shock will soon set in about the scope of this tragedy. As with most things in life, seeing it on television is not even in the same realm as those who are experiencing it first hand. This is not the first tragedy of this kind, but it is the first that I have experienced personally, and it will leave a mark forever.

Beyond the human dimension, there is another tragic aspect to this earthquake. To the many who have visited or lived in the Kathmandu valley, the cultural landmarks are something very special. This valley, made up of the three ancient cities of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur, have a unique cultural heritage reflected in the many Hindu temples and Bhuddist stupas, the unique architecture, and the fine tradition of handicrafts. One person once remarked to me that it is said that Kathmandu has more temples than houses, and more gods than people. This may be a slight exaggeration, but it is not far from true. For those of us who have been awed by walking through the old city of Bhaktapur, seeing the fine details of the temples in Patan Durbar Square, or watching Tibetans and Newars circumambulating the thousand year old stupas at Shwayambunath, the loss of many of these treasures is also a great tragedy. It is impossible to describe in words even one of these world heritage sites, much less imagine how they will be re-built.

On the positive side, these tragedies can bring out the best in people, and can even bring people together. I myself got to know very well the formerly anonymous co-habiters at the hotels in which I have holed up. Yesterday one of my colleagues mentioned how his neighbors have been gathering together each evening, telling stories and jokes. The pictures from the first days show ordinary citizens doing the impossible by removing tons of bricks from collapsed buildings.

Jai Nepal!


Help iDE Nepal reach more remote villages with food and shelter. Donate here.

Bob Nanes was formerly the head of the Technology and Innovation Group in the Denver Headquarters of iDE. He was in charge of supporting the iDE country programs in technology development, agriculture program development, global equipment supply, agriculture knowledge management and micro finance. In his 24 years with iDE he also worked as Country Director in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Ghana and as the Director of Training. He also started and ran an irrigation contracting business and a food processing business. He is currently a consultant to iDE. He has his degree in Agricultural Engineering from Cornell University.

| Posted By: iDE

The First to Reach Ranagaun

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Photo: Bimala Colavito, iDE

On Tuesday, volunteer Bimala Colavito accompanied the iDE Nepal team members to the village of Ranagaun, about at 45-minute drive up slippery mountainous roads. Three days after the 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit, she found these roads to be unusually quiet. On the way, she noticed collapsed houses that had washed away down muddy hillsides. She saw deep cracks in roads and buildings, plenty of destruction, but mostly the sad faces of people who are trying to figure out what to do next.

She had visited this USAID Innovation Lab site many times before to interview farmers in the agriculture program. On this day, she saw familiar faces, friends with whom iDE Nepal has worked with over the years who had just lost their homes over the weekend.

The purpose of the visit was to provide a week of food for this community of 38 households, chlorine for clean water, and plastic sheeting for temporary shelter. The iDE Nepal team delivered noodles, rice and dalmut, a spicy mixture of dried peas and beans. Thankfully, water now flows from their tap after being dry for the past couple days.

Despite being situated fairly close to Kathmandu, this was the first assistance this village had received. Many families are sleeping outside in cold temperatures. The next village on the team’s list is Kavre, where there are even more people and the need is even greater.

There are many villages like these that are in need of food, water and shelter. The iDE Nepal team is hoping to reach more of them, if funds are available to do so.

iDE Nepal is dedicated to improving agriculture and providing water and sanitation systems to poor rural farmers. iDE has deep roots in Nepal, where it has worked for 23 years. The organization has particularly strong connections with the poorest of the poor who live in remote corners of the country, where life is normally difficult, and now even harder.

If you would like to help the iDE Nepal team reach more villages in need, please visit to donate.

| Posted By: iDE

I am the lucky one.

Patan Durbar Square  Tamaple

Hello all,  It is 6:18 am in Kathmandu.  I will start out by saying that until now, I am in a very good shape from all aspects…certainly compared to most.  By luck, I have managed to be in the right place at the right time during this whole episode.

Yesterday, Saturday I was meant to have lunch with the family of my old friend and colleague Shanta Tamang who I worked with for over 10 years in Nepal.  At about 11:30 I called her and she said I should come any time.  I got ready quickly and left the Summit Hotel, where I have been staying, at about 10 minutes before 12 in a taxi.  It was Saturday, so there was little traffic, and we soon arrived in the center of town.  As we were passing a noted landmark in town which used to be called the Bhimsen Tower (now has a new name appropriate to the Republic) I looked up and noticed that there was now an enclosed walkway on the top like a viewing deck, enclosed as in a cage, full of people enjoying a Saturday outing.

We continued on for less than a minute, and when we entered an area between many large buildings, suddenly we saw people rushing out of the tall building next to us.  Up to this point I did not feel anything in the car which would be more noticeable than the normal bumpiness of Kathmandu roads.  But the people were in a panic, pushing and shoving, people falling.  Among them was a policeman, and my first thought was that the policeman was chasing people and I wondered why.  Then people started coming out from all sides, and my taxi driver jumped out of the car.  It was about this time that I realized that there was an earthquake.  I also got out of the car.  There was an old Nepali style brick house tucked in among the bigger buildings, and the whole side of the house fell down onto the sidewalk near where we were stopped.

This earthquake lasted a long time…I have seen estimates of 1-3 minutes.  Also the Kathmandu valley is a big bowl of mud that acts like a kind of bowl of jello and even magnifies the shaking.  We were standing in the middle of the road, and the closest thing I can use to describe it is the feeling of surfing or skiing.  The valley was shaking back and forth and back and forth, kind of felt like it was swinging.  Eventually it stopped, and there was total panic in the street.  People crying and shouting, running this way and that.  But luckily, not a single one of the other buildings fell, or we all would have been in trouble.

Suddenly I saw someone (a foreigner) pulling bricks up from the house that had fallen onto the sidewalk.  I went to him and he said that he saw the wall fall on a woman.  I began to help him pull up the bricks, and then other people began to help.  Then a man came out of the house and said that there was nobody under there.  Everyone stopped digging, I looked for the first guy and he was gone.  I was standing there alone not knowing what to do.  I couldn’t dig by myself, but I still thought there might be a woman there.  I saw a policeman in the distance and went to tell him, but by the time I got through the crowd, he was gone.  Back at the car, the driver wanted to leave quckly and go check on his family.  I went with him, but the thought that there might be someone under those bricks, and I was the only one who knew, still haunts me.

Also as we drove back out of town, I looked up and the tower was gone.  That is another haunting image in my mind, those families inside that cage whom I noticed, and a minute later fell 60 meters to their death.

We made our way back to the Summit Hotel, slowly and with a lot of detours and backing up down one way streets.  There was chaos in the streets.  We drove for about 20 minutes, and I only saw one other collapsed building, but a lot of cracking of the streets, and cracking of buildings.  I felt at this point that the damage was not too bad, based on what I saw on the way back.  I arrived back at the hotel, and there too, it was kind of chaos.  There had been a celebration in the garden for Dutch national day, and there were people siting on the ground in groups, lots of crying women and children.  Half the water in the swimming pool had been flung out of the pool in something like a tsunami and had washed a whole group of people including children under some tables and into the bushes.  Everyone was alright, but the fear in the air was palpable.

That was when the first after shock hit.

It was pretty big (6.6) and people freaked.  That stopped, and it gave me a chance to look around.  All the hotel buildings were intact, with no cracking.  Two boundary walls had fallen down completely and there was a bit of heaving in some of the sidewalks, but other than that, there was no damage whatsoever.  Also the garden is big enough that you can get away from the buildings, so I felt very safe and even helped to calm some people down and say that everything was safe. Things calmed down a bit, but very slowly.  Nobody knew what to do or where to go.  The calm ones knew just to stay put, and that where we were was probably one of the safest places to be.  Slowly, over time, people who were just visitors began to filter out to go home.  Those of us staying at the hotel, still kind of wandered around aimlessly.

Since then there has been an aftershock probably about once every hour.  Of course after the first few, people were still panicking, but eventually, you just kind of get used to it.  The hotel staff at some point, pulled themselves together, got the generator going, and set up an outdoor kitchen.  They prepared a fantastic dinner which we ate outside, many of us commenting on how blessed we were, and how surrealistic it was to have a beautiful barbecue in the midst of all this.

Slowly we began to get some news of what was happening elsewhere. The 3 Durbar Squares, the center of the old cities of the Kathmandu valley, and each one an amazing World Heritage site, were severely damaged.  The tower had indeed fallen down.  The Shwayambu temple complex lost a couple of stupas.  The top of the Boudhanat Stupa fell down.  In the center of the old part of the city, just north of where I had been during the quake, was severely damaged and a lot of buildings had fallen down.  The airport was closed. Many of the Kathmandu Valley’s great treasures were damaged or destroyed.

Soon it was time to make the decision about where to sleep.

There were lots of people now coming in from outside looking for a safe place to be.  One Dutch gentleman and his son asked me if I could give them any warm clothes.  Their hotel in the old city of Patan was damaged and they could not get back inside.  They had only short sleeved shirts and it was getting cold on this cloudy day and the hotel staff seemed not to want to give them blankets.  I gave them the quilt and bedspread off my extra twin bed, and that seemed to set them up for the night.

Many people did not want to go back inside the buildings at least for any length of time.  I knew that in this cold, I would not sleep a bit if I stayed outside.  I did a careful inspection of my building, and saw not a hint of damage.  I decided to sleep in my room.  I fell asleep about 9pm after an exhausting day.  It wasn’t a great sleep.  I woke up for every aftershock, but managed to get about 4 hours of sleep until I finally gave up about 1am.  It is now morning, and there is electricity and water and internet, but no phone service.  I took a shower and shaved this morning, and so for me, with all the food I need, a warm bed, a shower and toilet, I am the lucky one.

At this point I am sure I am safe and will be fine.  What I will do now, how I will continue my work here and where I will go, and when I will leave Nepal…these are all open questions.

I send my love to all of you,



Your donations will help the iDE Nepal team reach communities in immediate need of food and shelter. 

Bob Nanes was formerly the head of the Technology and Innovation Group in the Denver Headquarters of iDE. He was in charge of supporting the iDE country programs in technology development, agriculture program development, global equipment supply, agriculture knowledge management and micro finance. In his 24 years with iDE he also worked as Country Director in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Ghana and as the Director of Training. He also started and ran an irrigation contracting business and a food processing business. He is currently a consultant to iDE. He has his degree in Agricultural Engineering from Cornell University.

11 October 2012 | Posted By: Ilana Martin

Come to Nepal with iDE!


We are pleased to invite you to join us for a very special experience. This year, we are offering our first official “Impact Tour” for donors and supporters. Each year, we’ll design a customized adventure in a different iDE country.

This year, join iDE and OneSeed Expeditions on a tour of iDE’s field operations in Nepal March 17-24, 2013. Here you will witness firsthand the transformational effects of iDE programs and technologies on rural villages among the foothills of the Annapurna Mountains.

While visiting iDE program sites, you will travel through some of the world’s most beautiful countryside, during a time of year that Lonely Planet calls “the absolute best time to visit.” Learn about organic farming practices promoted by iDE, visit a local women’s group, and participate in meaningful cultural exchange during a one-night homestay with a local family.

The connections you will make with the families who have partnered with iDE will be an inspiration for a lifetime. Personally, I have never felt so alive and fulfilled as I did when I first met an iDE customer. I was awed and inspired by the entrepreneurial spirit that had been unleashed in these families. I saw the pride and dignity in their eyes as they were sending their children to school and harvesting their crops. I saw laughter and connectedness, and most of all, I felt an incredible humility and learned to fully listen and be present in the moment like I never had before.

You can find more details on the 2012 Impact Tour here.

To register, please click here, or call Michaela Hennig at 720-235-3457.

We hope you can join us on this extraordinary journey.

12 June 2012 | Posted By: Ilana Martin

iDE Project Impacts Food Security for 60,000 Households

harvesting chamomile in Nepal

iDE has been selected to lead a coalition of organizations in a project that aims to make a major impact on the problem of food insecurity in Nepal and Bangladesh. Funded by the European Union, the Agriculture and Nutrition Extension project will improve food security and incomes for a total of 60,000 poor households over the next 30 months.

The project will strike at the root causes of food insecurity to create sustainable improvements in income and nutrition. Together with partner organizations CIMMYT, WorldFish, IRRI, Save The Children, CEAPRED, BES and CODEC, iDE will train poor farm families in new and emerging agricultural technologies, helping them to step up productivity and increase their annual incomes. The project will expose them to new agriculture technologies based on market development approaches and the Participatory Market Chain Approach (PMCA). The project also aims at conducting nutrition education, monitoring and counselling for the poor households to increase consumption of nutritious foods.

One of the other main goals of the project is to develop market linkages between rural and urban areas and promote exchange of expertise and technologies between agricultural and research institutions in Nepal and Bangladesh, both at the national and grassroots levels. The project will work in two terai districts of Rupandehi and Nawalparsi and two hill districts Rukum and Surkhet, which were selected for their suitability to develop export linkages for vegetable seeds between Nepal and Bangladesh.

Women and children in both countries, who are often the hardest hit by nutritional problems, will be the target beneficiaries of the project. Throughout our history, iDE has observed that the best route to food security is to facilitate sustainable income increases. The project seeks to help 60,000 households to increase their annual income by at least $93 from production and sales of high value agricultural commodities. Another 1000 households are expected to increase their annual income by $124 from seed sales. The project will have a national impact extending innovations and building capacities of grassroots institutions, eventually impacting as many as 140,000 other households in action areas.

18 August 2009 | Posted By: Ilana Martin

New Report Praises MUS ("Moose")

The International Water and Sanitation Centre has issued a report on Multiple Use Water Systems (MUS) currently being implemented in developing countries by IDE and other organizations. The report, titled “Climbing the Water Ladder – Multiple-use Water Services for Poverty Reduction” concludes that MUS is an effective way to improve livelihoods:

“Our case studies confirm that water used at and around the homestead for multiple purposes brings substantial benefits to people’s livelihoods. Provided services are well targeted, homestead-scale MUS is a way of achieving a more integrated set of poverty impacts than conventional water services. Homestead-scale MUS empowers women and is accessible to the poor and is likely to be the best way to use water to contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).”

You can read an executive summary or download the full report here.

20 March 2009 | Posted By: Ilana Martin

IDE’s New Book at World Water Forum

IDE’s latest publication was officially launched on March 18 at the world’s largest water event, World Water Forum 2009 in Istanbul, just in time for UN World Water Day on Sunday, March 22.

The focus of this year’s WWD observance is transboundary waters and water sharing opportunities.

IDE’s book, researched and written by Monique Mikhail and Bob Yoder, provides a comprehensive study on the practical implementation of multiple-use water services (or MUS) in Nepal and India.

What is MUS? Basically it’s a concept for low-cost water sharing systems that allow poor rural communities to access clean water for domestic needs and agricultural needs from the same source. MUS used in conjunction with IDE’s micro-irrigation systems allows for production of income-generating, high value crops using half the water that traditional farming methods use.

The book outlines clear ground rules for cooperation on implementing a gravity-fed community system design in the middle hills of Nepal, and discusses the legal, political, financial and institutional barriers and opportunities to scaling up larger MUS systems in India.

If you’re interested in learning more, you can download a PDF copy of the book, “Multiple-Use Water Service Implementation in Nepal and India” here (8MB PDF).

For more on World Water Day, check out the site here.

And, if you’re interested in participating locally, some events are listed by country here.

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