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25 April 2016
Nepali farmers use water for many reasons: drinking, caring for livestock, washing clothes, growing vegetables. But traditional water delivery systems are designed for a single use: either domestic or agriculture—if they are available at all. The government offices that support these two uses exist in separate silos with little or no communication between them.
Multiple-Use Water Systems (MUS) are designed to overcome that problem. MUS are managed by a local community leader and are designed from day one to provide water for multiple uses. MUS are a proven approach to reducing poverty by ensuring that water is distributed equitably in remote villages.
The MUS Workshop in Nepal
iDE Nepal and several co-organizers convened a workshop earlier this year to share best practices on this approach. The workshop took place in Kathmandu and included a wide swath of over 180 people—a mix of government, academia, practitioners and local farmers.
A highlight of the workshop: 85% of MUS implemented by iDE Nepal ten years ago are still functioning today, according to recent research by IWMI (International Water Management Institute).
When MUS are combined with drip irrigation, they enable small farmers to use a fraction of the water used by traditional flood techniques. This means that farmers adapt more easily when rainfall is erratic. Clearly, MUS are an important climate change adaptation approach, enabling communities to efficiently manage and allocate scarce water resources.
Inspired by the long-term success of MUS, workshop attendees are hoping to include it in mainstream conversations on water management.
It was clear at the workshop that MUS advocates would like to elevate the profile of MUS. The new Nepal MUS Network, which launched from the workshop, has plans to inspire an ongoing dialogue about MUS across the water sector.
Learn more about the Nepal MUS Network by visiting the MUS Group website.
iDE Nepal thanks the co-organizers who shared research, methodologies, and technologies, and together advanced the body of knowledge around this unique and proven approach: IWMI, FMIST, MUS Group, and the Ministry of Population and Environment. These organizations and MUS Workshop attendees made the workshop a successful event.
Learn more about iDE Nepal’s work in MUS.
14 April 2016
CAMBODIA – Safety is on the top of Mr. Horn Vuthy’s parents’ minds. Without a toilet, their son, a 30-year-old disabled man, is forced to leave his wheelchair and crawl to a private, safe place to defecate. During the rainy season and with exposure to venomous animals and insects, his safety is uncertain.
Today, Mr. Horn’s parents don’t have to worry anymore – their home has a toilet designed to meet their son’s needs. After hearing about iDE’s program in their village, the family volunteered to receive a prototype of iDE’s first toilet designed for disabled people.
Mr. Horn was able to provide invaluable information on the successes and challenges of this first prototype, including access to a water basin, a door big enough for a wheelchair, and a sitting toilet (instead of the more common squat toilet).
Listening to the challenges users like Mr. Horn faced, iDE went back to the drawing board. Now, iDE’s WASH staff is working on a new design that will address some of the shortcomings of the first prototype as well as incorporate new and improved building methods. For example, the design team is exploring interlocking bricks that resemble Legos. The bricks enable more flexibility and efficiency – saving time, money, and materials.
Read more on this design effort.
iDE continues to develop and expand its WASH efforts and partnerships in Cambodia. This program is supported by the Australian Government and the Stone Family Foundation.
Also, in just a few months, iDE will join other WASH practitioners at the East Asia Regional Learning Event (EARLE) to discuss market-based approaches to sanitation, including the considerations of disabled users.
Follow iDE’s WASH programs in Cambodia and globally on Twitter @ideorg and on Facebook/ideorg
1 April 2016
By Michael Roberts, Country Director, iDE Cambodia
March 28, 2016
PHNOM PENH—His Excellency Philip Calvert, Canadian Ambassador to Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos, got a break from the usual round of high-level meetings during his recent visit to Cambodia. The Ambassador accompanied iDE on a field visit to agriculture and sanitation project areas in Kandal Province, about an hour and a half outside of Phnom Penh. He was eager to see the results of Canadian development assistance on the ground.
Global Affairs Canada is funding iDE’s Farm Business Advisor (FBA) program with a grant that started in 2012 and ends in 2017. The Ambassador met with one of the FBAs, Mr. Chiv Hy and his wife Somret, whom iDE recruited and trained three years ago. Acting as an independent entrepreneur, Chiv sells agricultural inputs like seeds and irrigation equipment to customers in the surrounding villages. He also provides advice to his customers throughout the growing season. Chiv receives a commission on the products he sells and also earns income from his own vegetable crop, which doubles as a demonstration plot.
Chiv noted that, out of the 30 clients that he is serving this year, most are using drip irrigation and rotating their vegetable crops each season according to the advice that he gives them. Chiv also showed off a new net house, currently under construction, that will protect future crops from insects without using pesticides. But Somret does not expect any of their customers to buy one in the immediate future. “People will need to see it work for a several seasons before they are confident enough to make such a big investment,” she said.
A short distance down the road, one of Chiv’s customers had recently harvested a rice crop that yielded twice as much as she used to get from the same land. She credited the productivity jump to the advice and pest-control products that she purchased from Chiv. Results like this are common among FBA clients. Most farmers use basic, low-yielding farming methods and so a little additional knowledge and simple technologies can show big returns in a short time.
A network of 167 FBAs across five Cambodian provinces are supported by Lors Thmey, a social enterprise established by iDE. Lors Thmey is currently funded partly by grants—including the Canadian Government funding—and partly by revenues generated through the products and services sold to farmers. The proportion of grant funding is expected to decrease over time and the enterprise aims to be financially sustainable in three to four years.
From the FBA’s farm, the Ambassador and his iDE entourage crossed the Bassac River on a pedestrian ferry comprised of a wooden platform strapped onto two fishing boats. On the other side he visited the open-air workshop of Mr. Ream Ny, a small-scale manufacturer of concrete products who is collaborating with iDE’s Sanitation Marketing program.
In the surrounding communities, iDE has trained sanitation sales agents to conduct group meetings and door-to-door presentations that help rural households to weigh the costs of buying a latrine versus doing nothing. Orders for the C$65 latrines are directed to Ny, who manufacturers the components, delivers them in one of his four trucks, and installs them for the customer. Ny employs 20 workers and is able to build and install 15 latrines per day. Asked what he will do once everyone in his area has a latrine, Ny smiled and said “then I will start selling them concrete latrine shelters and upgrades.”
To date, iDE’s program has delivered more than 200,000 latrines through rural market channels—a fourfold increase over the rate of latrine installations before the program began. The Sanitation Marketing program received partial funding from Grand Challenges Canada and the methodology developed in Cambodia is currently being applied in six other countries around the globe.
18 March 2016
“She tells me that if she was not doing this, she would be in a garment factory in the capital, working six days a week in busy cramped conditions. She smiles triumphantly and declares that here, in her field, she has no boss, she is independent and she is the one in control of her life.”
(from “Tim Bergman: The Story Behind Sopheak’s Smile” Business Fights Poverty)
Since 2005, iDE has been working with small farmers in Cambodia to scale-up their productivity, increase their income and improve their livelihood opportunities. The Farm Business Advisor (FBA) program provides farmers with the knowledge, connections and tools they need to grow their business. Tim Bergman, Technical Advisor in Cambodia, has been working with one female farmer in Cambodia named Sopheak, a 25-year-old from the Kandal province in Cambodia. Tim recently told her story on Business Fights Poverty.
Nearly 85% of Cambodians live in rural areas and depend on agriculture as a source of livelihood. Cambodia’s FBA program was the 2010 Winner of the Nestlé Prize for Creating Shared Value. The program creates a value chain where all people involved are invested in the success of the farm business, from the Farm Business Advisor who provides knowledge and connections as well as sells farmers seeds, fertilizer, and equipment, to the farmer who gains from the support of new knowledge and an expanded network.
Beyond the success of the farm business, the FBA program is also breaking down social and cultural barriers in the community around the role of females. The program empowers women to engage in enterprises that were once seen as off-limits. Tim explains this shift in Sopheak’s community:
“She acts as a role model for the local young women and girls, inspiring them to think big and look beyond traditional notions about what roles women can play.”
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24 November 2015
HOW MANY PATHS TO PROSPERITY WILL YOU BUILD?
This is our best campaign ever. It’s inspired by entrepreneurs like Gita, who are ready for a new opportunity, more security, and better ways to use the resources they already have. You can read about what life is like for Gita here. But this campaign is also inspired by people like you who want to be involved in working with entrepreneurs. People who let their heart, and their brain, guide their giving. Welcome to the Ready For Business campaign. Here are the details.
DOUBLE YOUR IMPACT.
When you give to iDE before December 31, 2015, your gift will be doubled. An anonymous donor will match, dollar for dollar, each donation we receive, up to $20,000. There’s never been a better time to give.
THEN MULTIPLY BY 10.
Not only do we believe in the power of the entrepreneur, we also believe in data. We measure how we empower women through our work and how we improve household nutrition. But our most important measurement is household income. In Cambodia, every $1 invested generates $18 in income for a household. In Ethiopia, every donor dollar generates $6 in income. Your average return on investment across all eleven iDE countries is 1:10.
These numbers are important for our donors to know, but they are more important for our program teams to analyze. We are driven to see where the challenges are if the ratios are lower than we want. We generally see higher ROI in Asia than we do in Africa because markets are generally stronger in Asian countries. Many African countries require a significantly higher investment to get a market moving. We also know that when we first start in a country and we are in the first few years of operation, we will see low ROI as we build the program.
We are constantly pushing ourselves to achieve the highest efficiency possible as this is an indicator that we are making an impact on global poverty AND that our market based approach works.
We’re ready for business. Click here if you would like to join us in our best campaign ever.
24 September 2015
Each year, the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) organizes World Water Week, and this year’s theme related directly to iDE and our work with the rural poor. The theme this year: ‘Water for Development’.
The challenges we face in providing access to water for all, and sustaining the water resources on our planet, were topics of conversation throughout the week. Sustainable Development Goals will set a standard for universal access to water and sanitation by 2030, which – along with productive water for agriculture use – will deeply impact poverty.
iDE was proud to be a unique voice during the week, conveying firsthand the effectiveness in tapping the power of business to fight poverty.
Our panel discussion on drip irrigation brought together, for the first time, three of the largest irrigation companies in the world: Jain, Netafim, and Toro. All three are focused on bringing the next generation of drip irrigation technology to the rural poor. And our new market data – research on why consumers would purchase such a product, and what conditions are required for adoption – stands out as an important contribution to industry knowledge.
Our panel on sanitation included representation from iDE, Kohler and Grand Challenges Canada – a unique partnership that is addressing the need for clean water in Nepal. The panel candidly discussed the opportunities and the challenges they’re facing and as they learn how to leverage each other’s strengths to make impact.
Our message – that business is an effective tool to fight poverty – resonates well. All around the conference, the private sector is a critical and coveted partner. While the conversation continues, we are back at work, helping design better products, bridging the last mile to reach more customers, and ultimately bringing opportunities to the world’s rural poor.
It’s a 32-year journey we are proud to continue, and it’s exciting to make this part of the journey with new partners.
12 May 2015
Nepal was still in a state of fear and disorganization as the government works to distribute aid and mend when an additional earthquake shook the country on May 12, 2015. iDE is thankful to report, once again, that no staff members were hurt during this most recent event.
“People are really terrorized, it was just starting to feel a little normal, now people are again afraid to go in their homes, offices, most people are sleeping and staying outside,” said Luke Colavito, iDE Nepal Country Director.
Colavito was driving to pick up his son when he felt the ground shake and saw the new damage. “This aftershock was very bad, many damaged buildings have collapsed and new buildings are damaged.” As his mind shifts to those outside of Kathmandu, he says, “I’m afraid that in the rural areas it will have brought down many more of the already damaged mud brick homes that poor farmers live in. These farmers will have lost their possessions and stored food. It’s a tremendous setback.”
Even before the second earthquake, Colavito was thinking ahead and planning an agricultural recovery support program and rapid latrine installation to prevent cholera and other waterborne diseases.
“Right now people are in shock and aren’t able to focus on the need to begin planting,” says Luke. The iDE Nepal team is establishing nurseries to grow seedlings so in a month, after people start to recover, they will not have missed out on a prime growing season.
The iDE Nepal team remains dedicated to improving the lives of the poorest of the poor who live in remote corners of the country. In the coming months, as Nepal looks to rebuild and regain some normalcy, iDE’s work will be of paramount importance and influence.
Join us in helping more families get back on their feet with agricultural recovery support.
30 April 2015
By Bob Nanes
Tanke Village, Nepal
Saturday, April 25th started in Tanke village in the hills of Central Nepal just like any other day. The sounds of barnyard animals, people stirring, clearing their throats. The sunlight reflected off the irrigated rice paddies on the valley floor. Some people began to move out to some of the nearby fields to do some casual weeding and other field tasks. But Saturday was often a day with little activity. For those families who were lucky enough to have a TV, they would often sit with several families inside and watch their favorite TV dramas or variety shows.
But on this Saturday, the electricity went off some time in the morning. Bad luck, there would be no family TV time today. So people went about other tasks. The women of the village headed off together to the nearby forest to gather fodder and firewood. The men gathered in the village center for a group meeting. And the children played with their friends around the houses and in the fields.
But just before noon, the largest earthquake in the last 80 years struck Nepal and shook the village violently. Most of the mud houses in the village collapsed completely. Bad luck. In the aftermath, as people rushed back to their houses and to find their family members, there was chaos and tragedy. A four year old child was dead, crushed inside a house. Some of the livestock was also dead, crushed by tumbling walls. But the bad luck electricity cut of earlier in the day turned out to be amazing good luck. What could have caused dozens, or even hundreds of deaths, caused only the one, as tragic as it is.
IDE Nepal has been working in Tanke village for several years. In collaboration with the community and local government, they supported the building of a solar powered multiple use water system that lifts water from the valley floor, and distributes it for household use and also feeds into drip irrigation systems to produce vegetables for sale. IDE staff had been in contact with the villagers after the quake and been informed about the scope of the tragedy. With the support of offices and private donors in the US, Canada and the UK, IDE had mobilized to deliver food and plastic shelter material to Tanke village.
When we entered the village, the destruction was unbelievable. What had been a lively collection of houses along a scenic ridge in central Nepal, was now a scene of utter devastation. Most of the houses had collapsed, and everyone was living in slapdash tents made of small pieces of plastic stuck together as well as possible. Nobody, even those whose houses had not collapsed, were sleeping inside because of the frequent aftershocks.
But surprisingly, the mood was not morose. People were going about their tasks as if this was just another day. We were greeted in the normal friendly manner of Nepali farm folk. People were happy to talk to us and tell us their stories. There was no trace of self-pity. Perhaps their normally difficult life had prepared them for the current and future hardships. Would we be so adaptable in the same situation? I think not.
So now the long slow process of bringing life back to normal begins. The villagers are not short on food, but were in desperate need of safe and dry shelter. The plastic tarps that we brought were the most important thing to them. But how will they move forward in re-building their lives? I imagine that living in tents will become the new norm for months, or possibly years to come.
Life is so precious. It is hard to believe sometimes that the difference between life and death can be determined by something as random as a power outage, or where you stand while viewing the Boston Marathon, or which flight you decide to take while flying from Spain to Germany. But that is the case, and sometimes no matter how we plan or watch or protect, life can stay or go through a simple twist of fate.
Help iDE Nepal reach more remote villages with food and shelter. Donate here.
Bob Nanes was formerly the head of the Technology and Innovation Group in the Denver Headquarters of iDE. He was in charge of supporting the iDE country programs in technology development, agriculture program development, global equipment supply, agriculture knowledge management and micro finance. In his 24 years with iDE he also worked as Country Director in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Ghana and as the Director of Training. He also started and ran an irrigation contracting business and a food processing business. He is currently a consultant to iDE. He has his degree in Agricultural Engineering from Cornell University.
6 April 2015
Imagine standing on Noelle’s farm with her at your side. She starts her day before sunrise. She is ready to face another long, sweltering day working on her farm. Her crops depend on the water she brings them to survive; her family depends on her.
You look down at your feet you notice a thin layer of red dust on your shoes. As your gaze moves to the horizon you see a dry field of red dirt and Noelle’s clay covered house in the distance. And you see her most prized possession – rows of precisely ordered zucchini plants. Looking closer, you see a drip irrigation system that is delivering to her crop just the right amount of water.
Speaking in French, Noelle says she first saw drip irrigation at an iDE demonstration farm over 18 months ago. It was in that moment she decided to buy a system for herself. She started working with one of iDE’s local Farm Business Advisors who helped her to set up her drip irrigation system, plant and harvest her zucchini crop, and find a buyer in the local market. As one of the only farmers growing zucchini during the dry season, she is thrilled to receive the highest price possible for her crops. In just one harvest Noelle’s income went up more than $500, three times as much as she was making before using drip irrigation and growing such a valuable crop!
What is next for Noelle you ask?
Like every good business owner, Noelle has her mind on expansion. She wants more farmable land and to purchase a larger drip irrigation system. She is also looking to grow moringa, a nutritional supplement high in protein, vitamins A, B, and C, and calcium. There is a burgeoning demand for moringa so she can anticipate even more income in the future.
It is only because of donor support that iDE is able to have an office in Burkina Faso and assist farmers like Noelle in becoming successful entrepreneurs. To date, we have served 3,000 farmers in Burkina Faso alone, who have collectively earned over $180,000 in the last two years.
Continued donor support means more income for farmers in Burkina Faso and other iDE countries around the world. Every $1 donated to iDE equals $10 in additional income for farmers.
Thank you for investing in entrepreneurs.
6 March 2015
Men are decision makers, women are a burden.
This is just one of the sentiments that was seen as culturally appropriate in Bangladesh only 40 years ago. Today, women are making their voices heard and taking lead roles within the Bangladeshi government.
Unfortunately, these strides have not trickled down to the poorest and most marginalized women, specifically in the southern region of Bangladesh. Women here serve as day laborers, or are involved in unpaid domestic work and small scale homestead vegetable production. This means they are dependent on seasonal work, and on their husband’s incomes. Even when earning an income themselves, women have little say as to how it is spent. This is where iDE is making a difference.
A few years ago, iDE started a project in Bangladesh to target poor and marginalized women in southern Bangladesh. We established small groups of women, who received training and a loan to start their own small farming business. The goal was to support them in earning a higher income and give them more confidence to voice their opinion.
iDE trained these women in business planning, and money management. They were also supported in choosing the best technologies to invest in, in orderto make their business profitable. These technologies included jute sacks, pond dikes and “floating” farm techniques which provided them with more space to grow vegetables . When you grow more, you earn more.
Hasina Begum was part of a women’s group. She expanded her homestead gardening using techniques learned from the iDE training sessions. She used the loan to lease land and started cultivating vegetables on a larger scale, which she then sold to nearby markets. The profits she earned were used to repair her house. Most importantly, she can now afford three meals a day, instead of struggling to even provide one. Now that’s life changing!
Mitali Mondol also received iDE support. She set up a small shop in her neighborhood. Another woman, Gita, used her profits and bought a cart which she now rents to a puller, which gives her a regular, sustainable source of income.
When the most marginalized women significantly raise their income, it leads to many material and social benefits. The women reported greater decision making power within their household over expenditures. With their new income, they can now afford to buy three meals a day, medicine and educational materials for their children. We are grateful for the support from donors, which gave us the opportunity to make a difference for these women.