30 May 2014
She slides down the muddy hill, constantly pointing things out and saying them in her native Paco language. At the bottom of the valley she hops the bamboo fence in her black silk skirt, turns, and smiles. This is her rice field and she is proud that she alone can feed her family.
La Lay Ha is a 34 year old widow with three children. They live near the Vietnam border in a hamlet called Ang Cong. Years ago, she was unable to grow enough rice to feed her family and would buy it to prevent a shortage. She says that rice is very important and it must be guaranteed for her family. She cannot focus on anything else until it is secured.
In 2010, she learned about a more effective strategy to fertilize her rice crop called fertilizer deep placement (FDP) and decided to try it because of the training accompanying the product provided by iDE. Nervous at first, she applied the product to a portion of her rice land. After the first crop was a success she applied FDP to all of her land and doubled her rice yield. Today, the same land produces enough rice to last an entire year for her family and the excess is given to neighbors. Since she no longer has to purchase rice, the money is spent on her children to supply them with clothes and books for school.
Ms. La encourages other families to follow her and use FDP. She says to buy a product you believe in, and this fertilizer is very easy. Her advice is “Transplant correctly, use FDP and wait until the end of the crop. Simple.” Her neighbor Mr. Ho laughed when he first saw her planting rows and fertilizing. Now he uses FDP through the iDE program and is also a success.
Spending less time worrying about rice gives Ms. La time for other things. She is head of the Women’s Union in the village, teaches family planning, and volunteers for another organization. “Now many people want to work with me,” she says, and her smile broadens.
17 October 2012
photo by David Graham
For the first time in Asia, a sustainable and market-based water filtration business has been registered under the voluntary Gold Standard scheme, and will benefit from carbon offset funding, illustrating that carbon markets can support sustainable technologies that improve the lives of poor populations. iDE’s Cambodian social enterprise, Hydrologic, manufactures ceramic water purifiers which provide clean water to rural households, reduce the amount of wood burned to boil water, create local jobs, and bolster economic development. Hydrologic was recently named winner of a 2012 Ashden Award. Start-up resources for Hydrologic came from several sources including the USAID WaterSHED project in form of grants and technical assistance.
Nearly 40% of rural Cambodians still have no access to safe drinking water. Untreated water and poor sanitation result in about 10 million cases of diarrhea and 10,000 deaths per year in Cambodia, mainly affecting children in rural areas. iDE’s Hydrologic produces and sells ceramic water filters that provide safe drinking water to rural households of Cambodia. By displacing water boiling practices, the filters allow Cambodian households to avoid the unsustainable burning of 18,000 tons of wood per year, saving 41,000 tons of CO2 emissions annually. Thanks to this impressive environmental impact, the project has completed its registration under the voluntary Gold Standard scheme, an award winning certification standard for carbon mitigation projects.
The project has two major features:
• It uses a market based approach: Hydrologic Social Enterprise believes that sustainable business is a powerful way to provide clean water for as many people as possible. It created a market for water purifiers in Cambodia by selling affordable filters to NGO programs, and via shops and rural sales agents. Households benefit from a low cost water filtration technology, and the local economy is bolstered by the establishment of production and distribution facilities.
• Carbon offsets ensure a sustainable business model, as the carbon revenue is directly re-invested into further scaling up project activities.
Hydrologic joined Nexus, a nonprofit cooperative of NGOs and social enterprises that scale up development solutions by leveraging sustainable funding from the sale of high-quality carbon offsets, a concept referred to as “Carbon for Development.” Nexus provided financial and technical assistance with the carbon certification process, and is supporting the commercialization of carbon credits by engaging companies and public institutions on a fair approach to offsetting.
Hydrologic’s sustainable business model and its numerous benefits for the environment have also attracted private sector support. An impact investor, Impact Finance, provided a loan to support the development of the project, and a multinational company, Deutsche Post DHL, has committed to purchase carbon credits originating from the project.